Linux is a powerful open-source operating system that can be installed on just about anything. It has some handy commands for managing files and folders as well as other computer functions. In this article, we list 10 of the most important Linux commands to help you manage your data easily..

The “file management commands in linux pdf” is a guide that teaches users how to manage files on Linux. It includes ten different commands that can be used for file management.

10 Linux Commands To Manage Files Easily

To handle files on your Linux computer, you’ll need to utilize the terminal. Here are some Linux commands that you may use to manage your machine’s files.

This article contains a collection of Linux commands for managing files in various Linux distributions. Managing files in Linux is as simple as it is in any other operating system. The file manager is there to save the day, but what fun is that? Linux is a command-line-based operating system. Instead of just a few clicks to get things done, you get to know how commands work here. Furthermore, commands allow you to do more than a GUI interface.

This begs the issue of how to handle files via the terminal. In this tutorial, I’ll teach you how to use terminal commands to handle files in Linux. There are several Linux commands that may be used for this, but this article will highlight the best of them.

File management commands in Linux

The following is a collection of commands for managing files on a Linux machine. We’ll look at how to use commands in Linux to copy, move, delete, rename, and transfer files.


Using the CD Command

In Linux, this is the most often used and significant command. It’s used to establish the default directory so you don’t have to input the whole file URL every time. Simply enter cd followed by the directory name in the terminal.

name of the cd folder

To return to the previous default directory, click here.

cd /

This command may also be used to navigate between two or more directories inside the root folder.

folder a/folder b on cd

The LS command is a command that may be used to

You can’t handle files if you don’t know what you’re dealing with. This command displays a list of all the files and folders in the directory you’re currently working in. To use, open a terminal and type ty ls followed by the appropriate directory.


The properties you may use with this command are shown below.

  • —version displays the command’s version.
  • -l displays information about the files in the list, such as size, directory, and so on.
  • -a displays files that are hidden.
  • -LS small files are divided into categories based on their size.
  • Instead of bytes, –lh displays file sizes in KB, MB, and GB.
  • -r Reverses the order of the files.

DIR (Directory)

This Linux command shows the current directory’s folders. Simply type dir and press enter on the terminal.


With this command, you may utilize these properties.

—version displays the dir command’s version.

-A Displays all files in the current directory, including hidden ones.

-l displays a list of files along with their authors.

-a will show all files in the current and preceding directories.

–f allows you to open files with a certain extension.

command MV

Commands in Linux The letter mv stands for move, but you can do a lot more with it. It may transfer a single file or a collection of files and folders to the destination directory, as the name implies. These commands may be used without first establishing a target directory. If it does not exist, it will be created. It also has the ability to rename files and directories. Here’s how you can put it to use.

oldfilename.txt mv newfilename.txt

/destination-directory file or folder

The characteristics to use with the mv command are listed below.

  • The —version option displays the version of the current mv command.
  • -I request confirmation from the user.
  • -f overwrites the target file
  • -b Save a copy of the file as a backup

CP (Command Processing)

This command is used to transfer data from one file or folder to another, as the syntax suggests. as seen in the diagram below

file1 file2 cp

This command may also be used to copy data from directories. Simply said, the source and destination folders must be entered.

RM (Remote Management)

The rm command deletes the current working file. To use this command, follow these steps:

filename rm

GREP (grep) is a command that allows you to

The Grep program allows you to search a file for certain patterns. When you forget anything vital in a file and can’t locate it afterwards, this command comes in helpful.

grep file search string

As an example.

grep filename bhanu

  • -i is used to disregarding case sensitivity.
  • The -v option is used to filter out lines that match the specified search criteria.
  • The -w option prints the lines where the provided quarry matches.

ZIP is a command for compressing files.

Zip is the next command on the list of Linux commands. As we all know, zip is a file compression format, and this program accomplishes precisely that. This command may be used to compress files and save up space.

filename zip file

  • You may also merge many files into a single one.

name of zip 1 file, 2 files, 3 files, 4 files

zip file should be unzipped.

PWD is a command that allows you to change your password

The simplest of all the Linux commands on the list is this one. Its job is likewise straightforward. Pwd shows you the path to the directory you’re currently in.


CAT is a computer command.

Cat commands’ primary purpose is to display the contents of a file. It may also be used to create a file that has no extension. Here’s how to utilize the various cat Linux commands.

  • To display a file’s contents

filename.txt cat

>filename >cat

file1 file2 cat

  • Every line in a file should conclude with $.

filename cat -e

  • Create a new file using the file’s output. If the output file already exists, it will be shown in that file.

fileold > filenew cat

  • combining the information of numerous files into a single document

newfile > cat file1 file2

These are the Linux commands for managing files in Linux distributions.

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The “file management commands in unix” are ten commands that can be used to manage files on Linux. These commands will allow you to create, delete, move, rename and more.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do I manage files in Linux?

A: There are many ways to manage files in Linux. For beginners, the easiest way is through whats called a file manager. The most popular one for newbies is called Nautilus. It has everything you need to do basic tasks like create folders and copy, move or delete files with ease.

What are some Linux commands write any 5 commands?

ls – list files on the current directory
rm – remove a file from the current directory
echo Hello World > hello.txt ‍- write text to a file called hello.txt

What are the basic commands in Linux file system?

A: The basic commands in the Linux file system include cd, ls, and rm. These are used to navigate through folders and files on a computer or server.

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